A risk factor is a characteristic, behavior, or condition that raises the possibility of developing a disease. Here are the biggest risk factors for laryngeal cancer:
People who smoke cigarettes or use smokeless tobacco products have an increased risk for laryngeal cancer.
Frequent or heavy alcohol consumption puts you at risk for laryngeal cancer. Use of both alcohol and tobacco puts you at even higher risk.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that puts you at risk for head and neck cancer, particularly cancer of the oropharynx, but may also increase the risk of laryngeal cancer.
Workers in certain industries such as woodworking, metal workers, and leather workers who are exposed to certain chemicals, dust, or fumes in the workplace may be at an increased risk for laryngeal cancer.
Men are more likely to develop laryngeal cancer than women.
The risk for laryngeal cancer increases with age. Most patients are over the age of 65 at diagnosis.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Acid reflux or GERD may increase the risk of developing laryngeal cancer, but this risk is still being investigated.